Cell-specific processing of preprosomatostatin in cultured neuroendocrine cells

J Biol Chem. 1987 Apr 15;262(11):4987-93.


We have previously found that preprosomatostatin is processed accurately to both somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28 in pituitary gonadotrophs of transgenic mice. The foreign somatostatin peptides have been shown to enter the regulated secretory pathway of these cells. To determine whether accurate preprosomatostatin processing can occur in any neuroendocrine cell, we introduced preprosomatostatin cDNA expression vectors into several different neuroendocrine cell lines. We found that prosomatostatin was cleaved efficiently to somatostatin-14 and somatostatin-28 in RIN 5F and AtT20 cells, but not in GH4 or PC12 cells. The ability of a particular cell type to process prosomatostatin did not correlate with cellular storage capacity and was independent of the level of biosynthesis of the precursor. These data suggest that prosomatostatin processing requires specific pathways which are present in some neuroendocrine cells, but not in others.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Endonucleases / metabolism
  • Pheochromocytoma / metabolism
  • Pituitary Gland / cytology*
  • Pituitary Gland / metabolism
  • Pituitary Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Protein Precursors / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Rats
  • Single-Strand Specific DNA and RNA Endonucleases
  • Somatostatin / genetics
  • Somatostatin / metabolism*
  • Somatostatin-28
  • Thyroid Neoplasms / metabolism


  • Protein Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Somatostatin
  • Somatostatin-28
  • Endonucleases
  • Single-Strand Specific DNA and RNA Endonucleases