Purpose: Hypertension in pregnancy has been associated with decreased future risk of breast cancer in many but not all studies. In the Marin Women's Study, pregnancy-induced hypertension was shown to interact with the T allele of a functional IGF1R gene variant, rs2016347, to result in lower breast density, as well as decreased breast cancer risk. Our objective was to explore these findings in a larger sample of women from the California Teachers Study (CTS).
Methods: The CTS cohort consists of over 130,000 female educators. DNA was available from a nested case-control study, which included 2,030 non-Hispanic white women who developed breast cancer and 1,552 controls. The current study included all participants from the case-control group with a self-reported history of preeclampsia (80 cases/57 controls).
Results: Comparing TT to GG genotypes revealed adjusted odds ratios of 0.38 (CI 0.13, 1.14) for all invasive breast cancers, 0.26 (CI 0.07, 0.89) for hormone receptor-positive (HR+) breast cancers, 0.15 (CI 0.04, 0.56) for those with age at first birth (AFB) < 30, and 0.10 (CI 0.02, 0.49) for those with AFB < 30 and HR+ breast cancers. Trend analysis yielded p values of 0.09, 0.03, 0.005, and 0.004 respectively, suggesting a biological effect for each T allele.
Conclusion: Study findings indicate that the T allele of IGF1R variant rs2016347 is associated with a significant reduction in breast cancer risk in women with a history of preeclampsia, most marked for HR+ breast cancer and in women with AFB < 30.
Keywords: Age at first birth; Breast cancer risk; Gestational hypertension; Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor; Preeclampsia.