Level of the Subscapularis Split During Arthroscopic Latarjet

Arthroscopy. 2017 Dec;33(12):2120-2124. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2017.06.013. Epub 2017 Aug 16.


Purpose: To determine the location of the subscapularis split during arthroscopic Latarjet created by an inside-out technique passing a switching stick from the posterior portal across the glenohumeral joint.

Methods: An inside-out technique was used to arthroscopically create a subscapularis split in 20 fresh-frozen human cadaveric shoulders. The distance between the exit point of the switching stick and the upper border of the subscapularis and the anterior circumflex vessels was measured arthroscopically and after open dissection.

Results: Twelve splits were in the upper third of the subscapularis, 3 were at the junction of the upper third and the middle third, and 5 were in the middle third. None were at the junction between the middle and lower third as desired.

Conclusions: Using the inside-out method during arthroscopic Latarjet may produce a high subscapularis split if it is performed from with a switching stick that is inserted through the posterior approach, and passed across the glenohumeral joint at the level of the inferior glenoid.

Clinical relevance: This study analyzed the relative risk of high subscapularis split during the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arthroscopy / methods*
  • Cadaver
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rotator Cuff / surgery*
  • Shoulder Dislocation / surgery*
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery*