The role of human monoacylglycerol lipase (hMAGL) binding pocket in breakup of unsaturated phospholipid membranes

Anal Biochem. 2017 Nov 1;536:90-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ab.2017.08.009. Epub 2017 Aug 17.

Abstract

Human monoacylglycerol lipase (hMAGL) plays a key role in homeostatic tuning of the endocannabinoid signaling system and supports aggressive tumorogenesis, making this enzyme a promising therapeutic target. hMAGL features a membrane-associated lid domain that regulates entry of endocannabinoid lipid substrates into the hydrophobic channel accessing the active site, likely from the membrane bilayer. The present work applied simultaneous surface plasmon resonance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements to show that, in absence of the substrate, hMAGL can remove phospholipid molecules from the membrane and, thereby, disintegrate pre-formed, intact, tethered phospholipid bilayer membrane mimetics (tBLMs) composed of unsaturated phosphatidylcholines. To probe the mechanism of hMAGL-induced on tBLMs compromise, we investigated the effect of wild type and mutant hMAGLs and hMAGL rendered catalytically inactive, as a function of concentration and in the presence of chemically distinct active-site inhibitors. Our data show that hMAGL's lid domain and hydrophobic substrate-binding pocket play important roles in hMAGL-induced bilayer lipid mobilization, whereas hydrolytic activity of the enzyme does not appear to be a factor.

Keywords: Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS); Human monoacylglycerol lipase (hMAGL); Surface plasmon resonance (SPR); Tethered lipid bilayer membrane (tBLM).

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Dielectric Spectroscopy
  • Humans
  • Lipid Bilayers / chemistry*
  • Lipid Bilayers / metabolism*
  • Monoacylglycerol Lipases / chemistry*
  • Monoacylglycerol Lipases / genetics
  • Monoacylglycerol Lipases / metabolism*
  • Mutation
  • Phosphatidylcholines / chemistry
  • Phosphatidylcholines / metabolism
  • Phospholipids / chemistry*
  • Phospholipids / metabolism*
  • Surface Plasmon Resonance

Substances

  • Lipid Bilayers
  • Phosphatidylcholines
  • Phospholipids
  • Monoacylglycerol Lipases