Face-name memory training in subjective memory decline: how does office-based training translate to everyday situations?

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn. 2018 Sep;25(5):724-752. doi: 10.1080/13825585.2017.1366971. Epub 2017 Aug 21.

Abstract

This study aimed to examine whether people with subjective memory decline (SMD) benefit from face-name memory training (single session) as much as older adult controls in an office-based setting. Approximately 2 months later, groups were reassessed for translation to a naturalistic setting. In the office setting, there was a significant interaction between stimulus type (cued name; uncued name) and training condition (spaced retrieval, semantic association, no training), but no group differences nor interactions. Semantic association was only beneficial for cued names, whereas spaced retrieval was beneficial in cued and uncued conditions. In the naturalistic setting, however, there were no training effects. Naturalistic performance was predicted by demographics, cognition, and motivation. All groups reported improved memory control beliefs and contentment. Our study demonstrates the benefit of simple memory strategies for older adults, including those with SMD, in office-based settings. Translation to everyday settings is complex and may require prior intervention to increase motivation.

Keywords: Memory complaints; ecological validity; name recall; semantic association; spaced retrieval.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / therapy*
  • Cues
  • Diagnostic Self Evaluation
  • Facial Recognition*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Learning*
  • Male
  • Names*
  • Semantics
  • Treatment Outcome