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Review
. 2016 Aug 1;5(3):30-33.

Prevention and Management of Tooth Wear: The Role of Dental Technology

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  • PMID: 28826461
Review

Prevention and Management of Tooth Wear: The Role of Dental Technology

James Ij Green. Prim Dent J. .

Abstract

Tooth wear is a multifactorial condition and the term is used to describe all types of non-carious tooth substance loss: abrasion (produced by interaction between the teeth and other substances), attrition (produced during tooth-to-tooth contact), erosion (produced by a chemical process) and abfraction (produced through abnormal occlusal loading that predisposes tooth substance to mechanical and chemical wear). Dental technology has an important role in preventing, managing and monitoring tooth wear in a variety of ways. Hard poly(methyl methacrylate) or soft ethylene-vinyl acetate splints can be prescribed to alleviate bruxism, the most common cause of attrition. Thermoformed appliances can be used for the application of products that reduce dental erosion such as fluoride gel. Patients with significant tooth surface loss may require laboratory-made restorations, as well as removable appliances with bite planes that generate inter-occlusal space to facilitate restorations, or surgical templates to provide guidance in preparing restorations for those requiring surgical crown lengthening. Dental study models and digitised models can also prove valuable in terms of monitoring the condition. This paper presents a review of the role that dental technology plays in tooth wear prevention, management and monitoring.

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