Estimating the Human Mutation Rate From Autozygous Segments Reveals Population Differences in Human Mutational Processes

Nat Commun. 2017 Aug 21;8(1):303. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00323-y.

Abstract

Heterozygous mutations within homozygous sequences descended from a recent common ancestor offer a way to ascertain de novo mutations across multiple generations. Using exome sequences from 3222 British-Pakistani individuals with high parental relatedness, we estimate a mutation rate of 1.45 ± 0.05 × 10-8 per base pair per generation in autosomal coding sequence, with a corresponding non-crossover gene conversion rate of 8.75 ± 0.05 × 10-6 per base pair per generation. This is at the lower end of exome mutation rates previously estimated in parent-offspring trios, suggesting that post-zygotic mutations contribute little to the human germ-line mutation rate. We find frequent recurrence of mutations at polymorphic CpG sites, and an increase in C to T mutations in a 5' CCG 3' to 5' CTG 3' context in the Pakistani population compared to Europeans, suggesting that mutational processes have evolved rapidly between human populations.Estimates of human mutation rates differ substantially based on the approach. Here, the authors present a multi-generational estimate from the autozygous segment in a non-European population that gives insight into the contribution of post-zygotic mutations and population-specific mutational processes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Exome / genetics
  • Genetics, Population / methods*
  • Genome, Human / genetics*
  • Germ-Line Mutation
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Mutation Rate*
  • Mutation*
  • Polymorphism, Genetic