Background: Glargine U300 (Gla-300) is a further development of glargine U100 (Gla-100). Since 2015, Gla-300 has been available in Germany and Austria. We compared patients initiating therapy with Gla-300 with patients starting with Gla-100. Moreover, it was investigated whether patients from real-life diabetes care differ from patients participating in the EDITION clinical study program.
Methods: Data are based on the diabetes registries DPV and DIVE. Patients started/switched to Gla-100 or Gla-300 in 2015 were included. Linear regression was applied for bodyweight (BW), BMI, HbA1C, daily total and basal insulin dose/kgBW and negative binomial regression for severe hypoglycemia. Data were adjusted for age, sex, and diabetes duration.
Results: 14,123 patients were identified (Gla-100: 11,397; Gla-300: 2726). Gla-300 patients with T1D were older, T2D patients younger compared to subjects using Gla-100 (both p < 0.0001). In Gla-300 subjects, diabetes duration was longer (both p < 0.0001). Patients started/switched to Gla-300 had a higher BW, a higher BMI and a lower baseline HbA1C. The rate of severe hypoglycemia was comparable. Total and basal insulin doses/kgBW were higher in patients with Gla-300. DPV/DIVE subjects were older, had a lower BW, and were more frequently male compared to EDITION patients. HbA1C was higher in T1D patients from DPV/DIVE.
Conclusion: Data from the diabetes registries DPV/DIVE indicate differences between Gla-300 and Gla-100 patients at the onset of insulin therapy. This analysis provides additional information to the EDITION clinical study program.
Keywords: Diabetes Registries; Glargine U300; Routine Care; Type 1 Diabetes; Type 2 Diabetes.