Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. Apr-Jun 2017;20(2):212-224.
doi: 10.1590/1980-5497201700020003.

Emotional and Motor Symptoms in Riverside Dwellers Exposed to Mercury in the Amazon

[Article in Portuguese, English]
Affiliations
Free article

Emotional and Motor Symptoms in Riverside Dwellers Exposed to Mercury in the Amazon

[Article in Portuguese, English]
José Maria Farah Costa Junior et al. Rev Bras Epidemiol. .
Free article

Abstract

Introduction:: The investigation of clinical and neurological impactations associated with exposure to mercury levels in exposed populations is necessary in the Amazon.

Objective:: To analyze emotional and motor symptoms of riverside dwellers exposed by diet in the municipalities of Itaituba and Acará, in Pará, Brazil.

Methods:: Hair samples were collected to assess the total mercury (HgT). Demographic data as well as emotional (depression, anxiety and insomnia) and motor (paresthesia, muscle weakness, loss of balance when walking, tremors, limb pain and dysarthria) symptomatology data were obtained.

Results:: Mean levels of HgT in Itaituba were significantly higher (p < 0.0001) than in Acará. Emotional symptoms were identified in 26 (26.5%) participants from Itaituba and in 24 (52.2%) from Acará. Specific motor complaints in Itaituba occurred in 63 (64.3%) volunteers; the most frequently mentioned afflictions were limb pain (36.7%), paresthesia (32.6%) and muscle weakness (27.5%). In Acará, 33 (71.7%) participants had motor symptoms, the majority of which complained of paresthesia (54.3%), limb pain (52.2%) and tremors (34.8%). Average HgT levels in Itaituba in those with emotional and motor symptoms were above the tolerable levels (6 µg/g) determined by the World Health Organization.

Conclusion:: Results showed that mercury levels in emotional and motor symptoms in Itaituba are higher than in riverside dwellers in Acará. Further studies, including the application of specific qualitative and/or quantitative standard tests, as well as the investigation of other clinical signs are necessary.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 5 articles

Feedback