Defining Human Tyrosine Kinase Phosphorylation Networks Using Yeast as an In Vivo Model Substrate

Cell Syst. 2017 Aug 23;5(2):128-139.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.cels.2017.08.001.


Systematic assessment of tyrosine kinase-substrate relationships is fundamental to a better understanding of cellular signaling and its profound alterations in human diseases such as cancer. In human cells, such assessments are confounded by complex signaling networks, feedback loops, conditional activity, and intra-kinase redundancy. Here we address this challenge by exploiting the yeast proteome as an in vivo model substrate. We individually expressed 16 human non-receptor tyrosine kinases (NRTKs) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and identified 3,279 kinase-substrate relationships involving 1,351 yeast phosphotyrosine (pY) sites. Based on the yeast data without prior information, we generated a set of linear kinase motifs and assigned ∼1,300 known human pY sites to specific NRTKs. Furthermore, experimentally defined pY sites for each individual kinase were shown to cluster within the yeast interactome network irrespective of linear motif information. We therefore applied a network inference approach to predict kinase-substrate relationships for more than 3,500 human proteins, providing a resource to advance our understanding of kinase biology.

Keywords: kinase-substrate specificity; network propagation; protein interaction networks; tyrosine phosphorylation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Humans
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Interaction Maps*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / chemistry
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / chemistry
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism
  • Sequence Alignment


  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases