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Multicenter Study
. 2017 Jul 1;3(3):216-223.
doi: 10.1093/ehjqcco/qcw055.

Quality of Life Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery vs. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Diabetics With Multivessel Disease: A Five-Year Registry Study

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Multicenter Study

Quality of Life Following Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery vs. Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Diabetics With Multivessel Disease: A Five-Year Registry Study

Brent M McGrath et al. Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes. .

Abstract

Aims: The aim of this study is to investigate the long-term relationship between revascularization technique and health status in diabetics with multivessel disease.

Methods and results: Using the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart Disease (APPROACH) registry, we captured 1319 diabetics with multivessel disease requiring revascularization for an acute coronary syndrome (January 2009-December 2012) and reported health status using the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) at baseline, 1, 3 and 5-years [599 underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG); 720 underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)]. Adjusted analyses were performed using a propensity score-matching technique. After adjustment (including baseline SAQ domain scores), 1-year mean (95% CI) SAQ scores (range 0-100 with higher scores reflecting improved health status) were significantly greater in selected domains for CABG compared to PCI (exertional capacity: 81.7 [79.5-84.0] vs. 78.8 [76.5-81.0], P = 0.07; angina stability: 83.1 [80.4-85.9] vs. 75.0 [72.3-77.8], P < 0.001]; angina frequency 93.2 [91.6-95.0] vs. 90.0 [87.8-91.3], P = 0.003; treatment satisfaction: 93.6 [92.2-94.9] vs. 90.8 [89.2-92.0], P = 0.003; quality of life [QOL]: 83.8 [81.7-85.8] vs. 77.2 [75.2-79.2] P < 0.001). At 3-years, these benefits were attenuated (exertional capacity: 79.3 [76.9-81.7] vs. 78.7 [76.3-81.1], P = 0.734; angina stability 79.3 [76.3-82.3] vs. 75.5 [72.5-78.5], P = 0.080; angina frequency: 93.2 [91.3-95.1] vs. 90.9 [89.0-92.8], P = 0.095; treatment satisfaction: 92.5 [91.0-94.0] vs. 91.5 [90.0-93.0] P = 0.382; QOL: 83.2 [81.1-85.2] vs. 80.3 [78.2-82.4], P = 0.057). At 5-years, majority of domains were similar (exertional capacity: 77.8 [75.0-80.6] vs. 76.3 [73.2-79.3], P = 0.482; angina stability: 78.0 [74.8-81.2] vs. 74.8 [71.4-78.2], P = 0.175; angina frequency: 94.2 [92.3-96.0] vs. 90.9 [89.0-92.9], P = 0.018; treatment satisfaction: 93.7 [92.2-95.1] vs. 92.2 [90.6-93.7], P = 0.167; QOL: 84.1 [82.0-86.3] vs. 81.1 [78.8-83.4], P = 0.058). Majority in both groups remained angina-free at 5-years (75.0% vs. 70.3%, P = 0.15).

Conclusion: Improvements in health status with CABG compared with PCI were not sustained long-term. This temporal sequence should be considered when contemplating a revascularization strategy in diabetics with multivessel disease.

Keywords: Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery; Diabetes; Health status; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Quality of life.

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