Ki-67 and the Chromosome Periphery Compartment in Mitosis

Trends Cell Biol. 2017 Dec;27(12):906-916. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2017.08.001. Epub 2017 Aug 23.


The chromosome periphery is a complex network of proteins and RNA molecules (many derived from nucleoli) that covers the outer surface of chromosomes and whose function remains mysterious. Although it was first described over 130 years ago, technological advances and the recent discovery that Ki-67 acts as an organiser of this region have allowed the chromosome periphery to be dissected in previously unattainable detail, leading to a revival of interest in this obscure chromosomal compartment. Here, we review the most recent advances into the composition, structure and function of the chromosome periphery, discuss possible roles of Ki-67 during mitosis and consider why this structure is likely to remain the focus of ongoing attention in the future.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleolus / metabolism
  • Chromosomes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Ki-67 Antigen / genetics
  • Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism*
  • Mitosis*
  • Models, Biological
  • Mutation
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Ribonucleoproteins / metabolism*


  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins