Multipoint linkage analysis of loci in the proximal long arm of the human X chromosome: application to mapping the choroideremia locus

Am J Hum Genet. 1987 Apr;40(4):303-11.


Choroideremia (McK30310), an X-linked retinal dystrophy, causes progressive night blindness, visual field constriction, and eventual central blindness in affected males by the third to fourth decade of life. The biochemical basis of the disease is unknown, and prenatal diagnosis is not available. Subregional localization of the choroideremia locus to Xq13-22 was accomplished initially by linkage to two restriction-fragment-length polymorphisms (RFLPs), DXYS1 (Xq13-q21.1) and DXS3 (Xq21.3-22). We have now extended our linkage analysis to 12 families using nine RFLP markers between Xp11.3 and Xq26. Recombination frequencies of 0%-4% were found between choroideremia and five markers (PGK, DXS3, DXYS12, DXS72, and DXYS1) located in Xq13-22. The families were also used to measure recombination frequencies between RFLP loci to provide parameters for the program LINKMAP. Multipoint analysis with LINKMAP provided overwhelming evidence for placing the choroideremia locus within the region bounded by DXS1 (Xq11-13) and DXS17 (Xq21.3-q22). At a finer level of resolution, multipoint analysis suggested that the choroideremia locus was proximal to DXS3 (384:1 odds) rather than distal to it. Data were insufficient, however, to distinguish between a gene order that puts choroideremia between DXS3 and DXYS1 and one that places choroideremia proximal to both RFLP loci. These results provide linkage mapping of choroideremia and RFLP loci in this region that will be of use for further genetic studies as well as for clinical applications in this and other human diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Choroid*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Genetic Markers*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polymorphism, Genetic*
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length*
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Retinal Diseases / genetics*
  • Uveal Diseases / genetics
  • X Chromosome / ultrastructure*


  • Genetic Markers