Postgranulomatous anetoderma associated with Takayasu's arteritis in a child

Arch Dermatol. 1987 Jun;123(6):796-800. doi: 10.1001/archderm.1987.01660300118024.


Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare chronic inflammatory arteriopathy affecting mainly the aorta and its branches. Many skin manifestations have been reported in association with this disease. Pyoderma gangrenosum and subcutaneous inflammatory lesions of the leg are the most frequent. We studied a boy with TA in whom a papular rash of the trunk preceded the onset of vascular symptoms by many years. Histologically, the lesions were superficial and consisted of middermal noncaseating tuberculoid granulomas, which progressed to atrophy and anetoderma because of elastic network disruption. Granulomas were also found in synovial tissue but not in a temporal artery biopsy specimen, which showed only intimal hyperplasia. Our observations suggest that vascular and skin lesions with elastic tissue may both result from a common granulomatous hypersensitivity process.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Arch Syndromes / pathology*
  • Atrophy / etiology
  • Child
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Granuloma / etiology*
  • Granuloma / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / etiology
  • Male
  • Skin / pathology*
  • Takayasu Arteritis / complications
  • Takayasu Arteritis / pathology*