Interfacial degradation of adhesive composite restorations mediated by oral biofilms and mechanical challenge in an extracted tooth model of secondary caries

J Dent. 2017 Nov:66:62-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2017.08.009. Epub 2017 Aug 24.


Objective: To study the combined effect of simulated occlusal loading and plaque-derived biofilm on the interfacial integrity of dental composite restorations, and to explore whether the effects are modulated by the incorporation of sucrose.

Methods: MOD-class-II restorations were prepared in third molars. Half of the specimens (n=27) were subjected to 200,000 cycles of mechanical loading using an artificial oral environment (ART). Then, both groups of specimens (fatigued and non-fatigued) were divided into three subgroups for testing in CDC-reactors under the following conditions: no biofilm (Control), biofilm with no sucrose (BNS) and biofilm pulsed with sucrose (BWS). BNS and BWS reactors were incubated with a multispecies inoculum from a single plaque donor whereas the control reactor was not. The BWS reactor was pulsed with sucrose five times a day. The biofilm challenges were repeated sequentially for 12 weeks. pH was recorded for each run. Specimens were examined for demineralization with micro-CT and load capacity by fast fracture test.

Results: Demineralization next to the restorations was only detectable in BWS teeth. Fracture loads were significantly reduced by the concomitant presence of biofilm and sucrose, regardless of whether cyclic mechanical loading was applied. Cyclic loading reduced fracture loads under all reactor conditions, but the reduction was not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Sucrose pulsing was required to induce biofilm-mediated degradation of the adhesive interface. We have presented a comprehensive and clinically relevant model to study the effects of mechanical loading and microbial challenge on the interfacial integrity of dental restorations.

Keywords: Adhesive interface; Cyclic loading; Mechanical fatigue; Oral biofilms; Resin composite; Sucrose.

MeSH terms

  • Acrylic Resins
  • Biofilms* / drug effects
  • Biofilms* / growth & development
  • Bioreactors
  • Composite Resins / chemistry*
  • Composite Resins / therapeutic use
  • Dental Bonding
  • Dental Caries*
  • Dental Cements*
  • Dental Plaque
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent*
  • Dentin / chemistry
  • Dentin / diagnostic imaging
  • Dentin / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Mastication
  • Materials Testing
  • Molar, Third / diagnostic imaging
  • Polyurethanes
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Sucrose / pharmacology
  • Tooth Demineralization
  • Tooth Fractures
  • X-Ray Microtomography
  • Zirconium


  • Acrylic Resins
  • Composite Dental Resin
  • Composite Resins
  • Dental Cements
  • Polyurethanes
  • Z100 composite resin
  • Sucrose
  • Silicon Dioxide
  • Zirconium