Effect of in vivo low-level laser therapy on bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis of rats

J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017 Oct;175:29-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2017.08.021. Epub 2017 Aug 18.


Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is considered by decreased bone strength that escalates the threat of fractures. Positive effects of photobiomodulation (PBM) with pulse wave have been demonstrated in cell culture and animal models. The aim of this study was to assess the in vivo effects of PBM on viability and calcium ion release of ovariectomy induced osteoporosis (OVX) - bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs).

Material and methods: 18 female rats were distributed into the following groups: 1) control healthy, 2) LASER-healthy (890nm, 80Hz, 1.5J/cm2, three days weekly, 60days), 3) control OVX, 4) LASER-OVX, 5) Alendronate (Alen.)-OVX [0.5mg/kg, 5days per week, 60days], and 6) Alen.+LASER-OVX. Ovariectomy was done on rats of groups 3, 4, 5 and 6. After that all rats were euthanized and their MSC harvested and cultured in complete osteogenic medium. In all groups, BMMSC viability, and calcium colorimetric assay were performed.

Results: We observed a significant increase in optical density (OD) of BMMSCs viability in LASER healthy group compared to control-OVX, Alen.-OVX, LASER-OVX, LASER+Alen.-OVX, groups. LASER+Alen.-OVX group displayed a significant escalation in OD of BMMSCs viability compared to LASER-OVX, Alen.-OVX, and control-OVX groups. There were a significant increase in calcium ion release of LASER-healthy group compared to control healthy, control-OVX, Alen.-OVX, LASER-OVX, and LASER+Alen.-OVX groups. LASER+Alen.-OVX group displayed a significant escalation in calcium ion release compared to LASER-OVX, Alen.-OVX, and control-OVX groups.

Conclusion: Pulse wave (PW) PBM significantly stimulated viability and cell proliferation of healthy BMMSCs compared to those of control-OVX, OVX-alendronate, OVX-LASER, and LASER+alendronate-OVX. In addition stimulatory effect of LASER+alendronate on viability and cell proliferation of OVX-BMMSCs compared to those of control-OVX, alendronate-OVX, and LASER-OVX groups were found.

Keywords: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells; Calcium ion release; Cell viability; In vivo; Low-level laser therapy; Ovariectomy; Postmenopausal osteoporosis; Rat.

MeSH terms

  • Alendronate / therapeutic use
  • Animals
  • Bone Density Conservation Agents / therapeutic use
  • Bone Marrow Cells / cytology*
  • Calcium / analysis
  • Cell Differentiation / radiation effects
  • Cell Survival / radiation effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Colorimetry
  • Female
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Lasers, Semiconductor / therapeutic use
  • Low-Level Light Therapy
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / metabolism
  • Osteogenesis
  • Osteoporosis / pathology*
  • Osteoporosis / radiotherapy
  • Ovariectomy
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


  • Bone Density Conservation Agents
  • Calcium
  • Alendronate