The experiment was to elucidate protective mechanism of taurine against stress-induced hypertension. Thirty two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups. Normal control group and stress control group were intragastrically administered saline; β-alanine stress group were fed with β-alanine (200 mg/kg/day) and taurine stress group with taurine (200 mg/kg/day). The hypertensive model was established by giving rats stress for 3 weeks.Results showed that significant expression levels of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal were observed in β-alanine stress group and stress control group (P < 0.05), but significant mRNA expression levels of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in taurine stress group and normal control group (P < 0.05). All the groups showed no significant differences in HSP70 mRNA expression levels in hypothalamus (P > 0.05), while taurine stress group exhibited the highest HSP70 mRNA expression levels both in pituitary and in adrenal (P < 0.05). It was also found that β-alanine stress group and stress control group had significantly higher protein expression levels of ACE in hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal (P < 0.05), but significantly lower protein expression of ACE2 compared to taurine stress group and control groups (P < 0.05). The results indicated that taurine regulated the hypothalamus pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) by inhibiting ACE gene and protein expressions and promoting ACE2 and HSP70 protein expressions, thereby contributing to the prevention of stress-induced hypertension.
Keywords: Hypertension; Prevention; Rat; Stress.