Extraction and determination of bioactive compounds from bee pollen

J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2018 Jan 5:147:110-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2017.08.009. Epub 2017 Aug 8.


Since ancient times bee pollen has been considered a good source of bioactive substances and energy. Taking into account the current demand for healthy and natural foods, it is not surprising that bee pollen has been attracting commercial interest in recent years, making it one of the most widely consumed food supplements. It has been extensively reported that bee pollen contains several health-promoting compounds, such as proteins, amino acids, lipids, phenolic compounds, vitamins or minerals. Thus, this study aims to give an overview of the extraction and determination techniques of several of the above-mentioned compounds which have been published in the last few years (2011-2017). The design of the study is in accordance with the different families of bioactive compounds, and the extraction procedures together with the analytical techniques employed and their determination are discussed. A list of some of the most relevant applications is provided for each category, including a brief summary of the experimental conditions. The references included will provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of and insight into the analysis of bioactive compounds from bee pollen.

Keywords: Bee pollen; Bioactive compounds; Determination methods; Extraction techniques; Food supplements.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Animals
  • Bees*
  • Lipids / analysis
  • Minerals / analysis
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Pollen / chemistry*
  • Proteins / analysis
  • Vitamins / analysis


  • Amino Acids
  • Lipids
  • Minerals
  • Phenols
  • Proteins
  • Vitamins