Atp6ap2 ablation in adult mice impairs viability through multiple organ deficiencies

Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 29;7(1):9618. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-08845-7.


ATP6AP2 codes for the (pro)renin receptor and is an essential component of vacuolar H+ ATPase. Activating (pro)renin for conversion of Angiotensinogen to Angiotensin makes ATP6AP2 attractive for drug intervention. Tissue-specific ATP6AP2 inactivation in mouse suggested a strong impact on various organs. Consistent with this, we found that embryonic ablation of Atp6ap2 resulted in both male hemizygous lethality and female haploinsufficiency. Next, we examined the phenotype of an induced inactivation in the adult animal, most akin to detect potential effect of functional interference of ATP6AP2 through drug therapy. Induced ablation of Atp6ap2, even without equal efficiency in all tissues (aorta, brain and kidney), resulted in rapid lethality marked by weight loss, changes in nutritional as well as blood parameters, leukocyte depletion, and bone marrow hypoplasia. Upon Atp6ap2 ablation, the colon demonstrated a rapid disruption of crypt morphology, aberrant proliferation, cell-death activation, as well as generation of microadenomas. Consequently, disruption of ATP6AP2 is extremely poorly tolerated in the adult, and severely affects various organ systems demonstrating that ATP6AP2 is an essential gene implicated in basic cellular mechanisms and necessary for multiple organ function. Accordingly, any potential drug targeting of this gene product must be strictly assessed for safety.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Knockout Techniques
  • Mice
  • Multiple Organ Failure / mortality*
  • Multiple Organ Failure / pathology*
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / deficiency*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / deficiency*
  • Survival Analysis


  • ATP6AP2 protein, mouse
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases