1D-Reactor Decentralized MDA for Uniform and Accurate Whole Genome Amplification

Anal Chem. 2017 Oct 3;89(19):10147-10152. doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02183. Epub 2017 Sep 13.


Multiple displacement amplification (MDA), a most popular isothermal whole genome amplification (WGA) method, suffers the major hurdle of highly uneven amplification, thus, leading to many problems in approaching biological applications related to copy-number assessment. In addition to the optimization of reagents and conditions, complete physical separation of the entire reaction system into numerous tiny chambers or droplets using microfluidic devices, has been proven efficient to mitigate this amplifying bias in recent works. Here, we present another MDA advance, microchannel MDA (μcMDA), which decentralizes MDA reagents throughout a one-dimensional slender tube. Due to the double effect from soft partition of high molecular-weight DNA molecules and less-limited diffusion of small particles, μcMDA is shown to be significantly effective at improving the amplification uniformity, which enables us to accurately detect single nucleotide variants (SNVs) with higher efficiency and sensitivity. More importantly, this straightforward method requires neither customized instruments nor complicated operations, making it a ready-to-use technique in almost all biological laboratories.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA / chemistry
  • DNA / metabolism
  • Genome, Human*
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Whole Genome Sequencing


  • DNA