Lipids, fatty acids and hydroxy-fatty acids of Euphausia pacifica

Sci Rep. 2017 Aug 30;7(1):9944. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09637-9.

Abstract

Euphausia pacifica is a good candidate for a resource of marine n-3 PUFA. However, few reports exist of the lipid and fatty acid composition of E. pacifica. To examine the potential of E. pacifica as a resource of marine n-3 PUFA, we analyzed E. pacifica oil. We extracted lipids from E. pacifica harvested from the Pacific Ocean near Sanriku, Japan. Lipid classes of E. pacifica oil were analyzed by TLC-FID and the fatty acid composition of the oil was analyzed by GC/MS. Free fatty acids and hydroxy-fatty acids were analyzed by LC/QTOFMS. The lipid content of E. pacifica ranged from 1.30% to 3.57%. The ratios of triacylglycerols, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and free fatty acids in E. pacifica lipids were 5.3-23.0%, 32.6-53.4%, 8.5-25.4% and 2.5-7.0%, respectively. The content of n-3 PUFA in E. pacifica lipids was 38.6-46.5%. We also showed that E. pacifica contains unusual fatty acids and derivatives: C16-PUFAs (9,12-hexadecadienoic acid, 6,9,12-hexadecatrienoic acid and 6,9,12,15-hexadecatetraenoic acid) and hydroxy-PUFAs (8-HETE and 10-HDoHE). E. pacifica is a good resource of marine n-3 PUFA. Moreover, E. pacifica can provide C16-PUFA and hydroxy-PUFAs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Euphausiacea / chemistry*
  • Flame Ionization
  • Japan
  • Lipids / analysis*
  • Lipids / isolation & purification
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Pacific Ocean

Substances

  • Lipids