Active molecules among numerous chemical structures in a chemical database can be searched easily by statistical prediction of compound-protein interactions. However, constructing a simple prediction model against one protein does not aid drug design, because detecting chemical structures that act similarly against multiple proteins is necessary for preventing side effects of the potential drug. To tackle this problem, we propose a new method that visualizes chemical and protein spaces. For simultaneous visualization of both spaces, we employ a counterpropagation neural network (CPNN) and develop a new visualization method named multi-input CPNN (MICPNN). In a case study of the kinase protein family, the MICPNN model predicted accurately the complex relationships between compounds and proteins. The proposed method identified chemical structures with promising activity against kinases. Our proposed method is also applicable to other protein families, such as G-protein coupled receptors, ion channels and transporters.
Keywords: Cheminformatics; Compound−protein interactions; Drug design; Neural network; Virtual screening.
© 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.