Effect of Canine Play Interventions as a Stress Reduction Strategy in College Students

Nurse Educ. May/Jun 2018;43(3):149-153. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000451.

Abstract

Forty-eight students engaged with a therapy dog for 15 minutes during finals week to evaluate the effect on stress. Psychological (Perceived Stress Scale, visual analog scales) and physiologic stress (vital signs, salivary cortisol) measures were collected before and after the intervention. Paired t tests showed significant reductions in all psychological and physiologic measures except diastolic blood pressure. This supports animal-assisted therapy as an effective stress management strategy for nursing and other college students.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Animal Assisted Therapy*
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Education, Nursing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrocortisone / analysis
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Saliva / chemistry
  • Stress, Physiological / physiology*
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control*
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Students, Nursing / psychology*
  • Students, Nursing / statistics & numerical data
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Universities
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Hydrocortisone