Cross-Cultural Validity of the Ruminative Responses Scale in Argentina and the United States

Assessment. 2020 Mar;27(2):309-320. doi: 10.1177/1073191117729204. Epub 2017 Sep 1.


Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina (N = 308) and the United States (N = 371). In addition to testing measurement invariance between the countries, we evaluated whether the maladaptive implications of rumination were weaker for the Argentinians than for the U.S. group. Self-critical perfectionism was the criterion in those tests. Partial scalar invariance supported an 8-item version of the RRS. There were no differences in factor means or factor correlations in RRS dimensions between countries. Brooding and Reflection were positively correlated with self-critical perfectionism in both countries, with no significant differences in the sizes of these relations between the two samples. Results are discussed in terms of psychometric and cross-cultural implications for rumination.

Keywords: Argentina; cross-cultural; measurement invariance; perfectionism; rumination.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Argentina
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Emotions*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Perfectionism*
  • Personality Tests / standards*
  • Psychometrics
  • Students
  • United States
  • Universities
  • Young Adult