Clinical efficacy of nutraceutical diet for cats with clinical signs of cutaneus adverse food reaction (CAFR)

Pol J Vet Sci. 2017 Mar 1;20(2):269-276. doi: 10.1515/pjvs-2017-0032.


Food allergies and food intolerances are clinically difficult to discriminate. Most often, along with cutaneous adverse food reactions or CAFR, they are classified as adverse food reactions, whose causes are numerous, including toxic compounds. Eighteen indoor-housed domestic cats with evident clinical symptoms related to CAFR (drooling, back and neck intense itching, neck eczema, chronic conjunctivitis and stomatitis) involving skin lesions were studied. Cytological evaluations of ear, skin and gingival swabs revealed an increased turnover of keratinocytes while the oxytetracycline ELISA determination showed an unexpected high amount of oxytetracycline in all cats at the first visit. All cats were then randomly assigned to receive a standard (SD group) or a nutraceutical diet (ND group) for 60 days. In the ND group a significant reduction of the mean serum concentration of oxytetracycline, pruritus intensity and skin lesion severity (**p<0.01, ***p<0.001, and ***p<0.001, respectively) was observed after 60 days, and associated with a significant improvement in the clinical picture. Although a direct correlation between oxytetracycline presence within cat sera and CAFR-related symptoms has never been described, this study highlights the benefit of a specific nutraceutical diet supplementation in improving clinical symptoms and skin lesions in cats with CARF.

Keywords: cat; cutaneous adverse food reactions; oxytetracycline.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cat Diseases / diet therapy*
  • Cats
  • Dermatitis / immunology
  • Dermatitis / veterinary*
  • Dietary Supplements*
  • Female
  • Food Hypersensitivity / veterinary*
  • Male
  • Pruritus / diet therapy
  • Pruritus / veterinary