Treatment of varicoceles: techniques and outcomes

Fertil Steril. 2017 Sep;108(3):378-384. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2017.07.020.

Abstract

Varicoceles, a dilation of veins within the pampiniform plexus, are present in ∼15% of the general male population. This paper reviews the indications for treatment of varicoceles, post-intervention outcomes following treatment, and the various techniques for treatment of varicoceles. The aim of this review is to describe and compare complications associated with each approach to varicocele treatment.

Keywords: Microsurgery; hydrocele; subinguinal; varicocele; varicocelectomy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Combined Modality Therapy / methods
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Male / diagnosis
  • Infertility, Male / etiology
  • Infertility, Male / prevention & control*
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Male
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Urogenital Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Varicocele / complications
  • Varicocele / diagnosis*
  • Varicocele / therapy*
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods*