The Mouse Papillomavirus Infection Model

Viruses. 2017 Aug 30;9(9):246. doi: 10.3390/v9090246.


The mouse papillomavirus (MmuPV1) was first reported in 2011 and has since become a powerful research tool. Through collective efforts from different groups, significant progress has been made in the understanding of molecular, virological, and immunological mechanisms of MmuPV1 infections in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts. This mouse papillomavirus provides, for the first time, the opportunity to study papillomavirus infections in the context of a small common laboratory animal for which abundant reagents are available and for which many strains exist. The model is a major step forward in the study of papillomavirus disease and pathology. In this review, we summarize studies using MmuPV1 over the past six years and share our perspectives on the value of this unique model system. Specifically, we discuss viral pathogenesis in cutaneous and mucosal tissues as well as in different mouse strains, immune responses to the virus, and local host-restricted factors that may be involved in MmuPV1 infections and associated disease progression.

Keywords: RNA sequencing; adaptive immunity; anogenital; host defense; innate immunity; oral infection; pathogenesis; skin carcinoma; the mouse papillomavirus; tissue tropism.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adaptive Immunity
  • Animals
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • B-Lymphocytes / virology
  • Disease Models, Animal*
  • Disease Progression
  • Humans
  • Immunity, Innate
  • Mice / immunology
  • Mice / virology*
  • Mouth Diseases / virology
  • Mucous Membrane / pathology
  • Mucous Membrane / virology
  • Papillomaviridae / immunology
  • Papillomaviridae / pathogenicity*
  • Papillomavirus Infections / immunology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / pathology
  • Papillomavirus Infections / virology*
  • Sequence Analysis, RNA
  • Skin / virology
  • Skin Neoplasms / virology
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • T-Lymphocytes / virology
  • Viral Tropism