Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) patients often have a blinking abnormality. In this study, we examined the kinematic features of spontaneous blinking in 65 PD patients and 62 healthy controls by a new research method utilizing an intelligent vision sensor camera prototype with a 1kHz sampling rate.
Methods: Spontaneous blinks were measured by use of a non-stress 'intelligent vision sensor' camera prototype.
Results: The mean spontaneous blink rate was 17.9 (blinks/min) in the PD patients and 15.6 in the controls (no correlation). However, there were extremely low and extremely high blink-rate groups among the PD patients. The amplitude of the closing and opening phase in the PD patients were significantly smaller than those in the controls. Small blink waves (100-200msec) prior to blink onset existed in 60% of the PD patients and in 18% of the controls.
Conclusion: During spontaneous blinking the blink amplitude is decreased, and the pause between the closing and opening phase is prolonged in patients with PD. Small blink waves prior to blink onset were also characteristically found in the PD patients.
Keywords: Blink amplitude; Blink velocity; High-speed blink analyzing system; Parkinson's disease; Spontaneous blinks.
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