Cervical pedicular agenesis: Case report and a review of the literature

Neurochirurgie. 2017 Sep;63(4):323-326. doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2017.04.003. Epub 2017 Sep 4.


Cervical pedicular agenesis, an unusual disorder, is a rare clinical and radiological finding, which can lead to misdiagnosis, moreover in a traumatic situation. The authors report the case of a young woman with a C3 right congenital absence of the cervical pedicle. A systematic review of literature found more than 70 reported cases. In patients with congenital agenesis of the cervical pedicle, the two most common levels of this congenital absence are C6 and C5. The three radiological findings were: the false appearance of an enlarged ipsilateral neural foramen due to the absent pedicle; a dysplastic, dorsally displaced ipsilateral articular pillar and lamina; and a dysplastic ipsilateral transverse process. These pedicle ageneses are a stable congenital anomaly.

Keywords: Agenesis; Cervical spine; Diagnosis; Pedicle.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cervical Vertebrae / abnormalities*
  • Cervical Vertebrae / diagnostic imaging*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Musculoskeletal Abnormalities / diagnostic imaging*