Environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria, new funeral technologies, and preferences of the Northeastern and Southern Brazilian population as for the funeral process

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017 Nov;24(31):24121-24134. doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-0005-3. Epub 2017 Sep 7.


Cemeteries and crematoria are the main funeral ways used in the world nowadays. It is a little-studied segment in the present days, mainly as for the possible environmental impacts in the environment, such as those derived from dental amalgam, prostheses, and dioxins, among other. This article aimed to identify the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria and to point out new trends in funeral processes such as freeze-drying and alkaline hydrolysis. The study is justified due to the large part of the Brazilian population that do not know the environmental impacts caused by cemeteries and crematoria, as well as to bring information about the new processes. For that, a research was carried out with 400 people. The main results show that among all the funeral processes, the new freeze-drying process was opted by 33% of the sample. We also identified that the main reasons for choosing the funeral process were less environmental impact (28%), no after-death expenses (grave payment) (16.1%), and the possibility of putting away or throwing away the remains wherever you want (14.9%). Finally, new funeral processes were well accepted by the Brazilian population-those who were interviewed-due to their benefits.

Keywords: Alkaline hydrolysis; Cemetery; Crematoria; Environmental impacts; Freeze-drying.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude*
  • Brazil
  • Cemeteries* / statistics & numerical data
  • Consumer Behavior / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cremation* / statistics & numerical data