The BRCA1 protein, a hereditary breast and ovarian cancer-causing gene product, is known as a multifunctional protein that performs various functions in cells. It is well known, along with BRCA 2, to cause hereditary breast and ovarian cancer, but here we will specifically focus on BRCA1. We introduce the mechanism and the latest report on homologous recombination repair, replication, involvement in checkpoint regulation, transcription, chromatin remodeling, and cytoplasmic function (centrosome regulation, apoptosis, selective autophagy), and consider the possibility of carcinogenesis from inhibition of the intracellular functions in each. We also consider the possibility of drug development based on each function. Finally, we will explain, from data obtained through basic research, that an appropriate regimen is important for raising the response rate for poly (ADP)-ribose polymerase inhibitors, in the case of low susceptibility, iatrogenic toxicity, tolerance, etc.
Keywords: BRCA1; Gene mutation; Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer; PARP inhibitor.