Mitochondrial ATP synthase complex: interaction of its F1 adenosinetriphosphatase moiety with the heavy atom iodine

Biochemistry. 1987 Jun 30;26(13):4016-21. doi: 10.1021/bi00387a041.


Studies were carried out to determine whether a simple electron-dense "heavy atom" like iodine could be introduced selectively into one or more of the subunits of the mitochondrial ATP synthase complex of rat liver. Surprisingly, very low amounts of iodine are incorporated into the isolated F1 moiety of this complex under conditions which result in a marked loss of catalytic activity. ATPase activity is inactivated in a concentration-dependent manner at pH 7.5 with half-maximal inactivation occurring at about 40 microM iodine. A maximum of only 10 atoms of iodine are incorporated per F1 molecule under conditions where inhibition of ATPase activity is linearly related to iodine incorporation. The molecular size of F1 after iodination is unchanged, indicating that inactivation is due to modification of essential amino acid residues rather than subunit dissociation. Treatment of F1, with 20-50 microM [125I]iodine followed sequentially by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography showed that the beta subunit is preferentially labeled. Significantly, about two atoms of iodine per beta subunit are incorporated. Some iodine amounting to less than 23% of the total radioactivity placed on the gels is recovered in the alpha and gamma subunits whereas no radioactivity is detected in the delta and epsilon subunits. Iodination of F1 appears to modify essential residues other than those involved in substrate or product binding per se. Thus, nucleotide binding to F1 is unaltered by iodine, and neither phosphate, MgADP, nor MgATP protects F1 against inhibition by this agent.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Binding Sites
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Iodine / pharmacology*
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Kinetics
  • Mitochondria, Liver / enzymology*
  • Nucleotides / metabolism
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / analysis
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / metabolism
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Nucleotides
  • Iodine
  • Proton-Translocating ATPases