Aim: To characterize carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I).
Method: Data were included for patients with MPS I who had either nerve conduction examination that included a diagnosis of CTS or who had CTS release surgery. Although this represented a subset of patients with CTS in the MPS I Registry, the criteria were considered the most objective for data analysis.
Results: As of March 2016, 994 patients were categorized with either severe (Hurler syndrome) or attenuated (Hurler-Scheie or Scheie syndromes) MPS I. Among these, 291 had a CTS diagnosis based on abnormal nerve conduction (n=54) or release surgery (n=237). Median ages (minimum, maximum) at first CTS diagnosis were 5 years 2 months (10mo, 16y 2mo) and 9y 11mo (1y 8mo, 44y 1mo) for patients with severe and attenuated MPS I respectively. Most patients had their first CTS diagnosis after MPS I diagnosis (94%) and treatment (hematopoietic stem cell transplant and/or enzyme replacement therapy) (74%). For 11% of patients with attenuated disease, CTS diagnosis preceded MPS I diagnosis by a mean of 7 years 6 months.
Interpretation: CTS is a rare complication in pediatric patients and should alert medical care providers to the potential diagnosis of MPS I. Significant delays exist between diagnosis of CTS and MPS I for patients with attenuated disease.
What this paper adds: There are significant delays in diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis I (MPS I). Enzyme replacement therapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplant do not prevent the development of CTS. Testing for CTS in patients with MPS I is recommended to prevent irreparable damage. CTS in pediatric patients should alert physicians to potential diagnosis of MPS I.
© 2017 The Authors. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Mac Keith Press.