The TRPM1 Channel Is Required for Development of the Rod ON Bipolar Cell-AII Amacrine Cell Pathway in the Retinal Circuit

J Neurosci. 2017 Oct 11;37(41):9889-9900. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0824-17.2017. Epub 2017 Sep 12.


Neurotransmission plays an essential role in neural circuit formation in the central nervous system (CNS). Although neurotransmission has been recently clarified as a key modulator of retinal circuit development, the roles of individual synaptic transmissions are not yet fully understood. In the current study, we investigated the role of neurotransmission from photoreceptor cells to ON bipolar cells in development using mutant mouse lines of both sexes in which this transmission is abrogated. We found that deletion of the ON bipolar cation channel TRPM1 results in the abnormal contraction of rod bipolar terminals and a decreased number of their synaptic connections with amacrine cells. In contrast, these histological alterations were not caused by a disruption of total glutamate transmission due to loss of the ON bipolar glutamate receptor mGluR6 or the photoreceptor glutamate transporter VGluT1. In addition, TRPM1 deficiency led to the reduction of total dendritic length, branch numbers, and cell body size in AII amacrine cells. Activated Goα, known to close the TRPM1 channel, interacted with TRPM1 and induced the contraction of rod bipolar terminals. Furthermore, overexpression of Channelrhodopsin-2 partially rescued rod bipolar cell development in the TRPM1-/- retina, whereas the rescue effect by a constitutively closed form of TRPM1 was lower than that by the native form. Our results suggest that TRPM1 channel opening is essential for rod bipolar pathway establishment in development.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Neurotransmission has been recognized recently as a key modulator of retinal circuit development in the CNS. However, the roles of individual synaptic transmissions are not yet fully understood. In the current study, we focused on neurotransmission between rod photoreceptor cells and rod bipolar cells in the retina. We used genetically modified mouse models which abrogate each step of neurotransmission: presynaptic glutamate release, postsynaptic glutamate reception, or transduction channel function. We found that the TRPM1 transduction channel is required for the development of rod bipolar cells and their synaptic formation with subsequent neurons, independently of glutamate transmission. This study advances our understanding of neurotransmission-mediated retinal circuit refinement.

Keywords: cation channel; neurotransmission; retina; retinal circuit formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amacrine Cells / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Channelrhodopsins
  • Dendrites / physiology
  • Dendrites / ultrastructure
  • Female
  • Glutamic Acid / physiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Retina / cytology
  • Retina / growth & development*
  • Retinal Bipolar Cells / physiology*
  • Retinal Rod Photoreceptor Cells / physiology*
  • Synaptic Transmission / physiology
  • TRPM Cation Channels / genetics
  • TRPM Cation Channels / physiology*
  • Vesicular Glutamate Transport Protein 1 / biosynthesis
  • Vesicular Glutamate Transport Protein 1 / genetics
  • Visual Pathways / growth & development*
  • Visual Pathways / physiology*


  • Channelrhodopsins
  • Slc17a7 protein, mouse
  • TRPM Cation Channels
  • Trpm1 protein, mouse
  • Vesicular Glutamate Transport Protein 1
  • Glutamic Acid