Incremental dialysis: review of recent literature

Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2017 Nov;26(6):543-547. doi: 10.1097/MNH.0000000000000362.

Abstract

Purpose of review: There are clinical, physiological, financial, and practical reasons to perform incremental hemodialysis in selected patients, incident to end-stage renal disease. Recent papers inform us further, especially in the large database studies.

Recent findings: Small studies suggested, then a larger study corroborated, that incremental hemodialysis was associated with preservation of residual kidney function whenever compared with conventional hemodialysis. The well tolerated nutritional status of incremental hemodialysis was questioned in a small study but a larger study was more reassuring. The mortality rate of patients undergoing incremental hemodialysis is similar to that in conventional hemodialysis, but only if the comorbidity burden is low.

Summary: Incremental hemodialysis in incident patients can be performed safely, and probably is associated with preserved residual kidney function and a similar mortality rate to convention initiation of hemodialysis. Patients must be prudently selected and managed for this approach to the initiation of dialysis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / therapy*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Patient Selection
  • Renal Dialysis / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome