Recent studies indicate that inflammatory reactions leading to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) may also contribute to variations in the composition of the intestinal microbiota, suggesting a relation between T2DM and bacterial residents in the intestinal tract. This case-control study was designed to evaluate the composition of the gut microbiota dominant bacterial groups in patients with T2DM compared to the healthy people. A total of 36 adult subjects (18 patients diagnosed with T2DM and 18 healthy persons) were included in the study. The intestinal microbiota composition was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method using bacterial 16S rRNA gene. The quantities of two groups of bacteria were meaningfully different among T2DM patients and healthy individuals. While, the level of Lactobacillus was significantly higher in the patients with T2DM (P value < 0.001), Bifidobacterium was significantly more frequent in the healthy people (P value < 0.001). The quantities of Prevotella (P value = 0.0.08) and Fusobacterium (P value = 0.99) genera in faecal samples were not significantly different between the two groups. The significant alterations in dominant faecal bacterial genera found in T2DM patients participating in the current study highlight the link between T2DM disease and compositional variation in intestinal flora. These findings may be valuable for developing approaches to control T2DM by modifying the gut microbiota. More investigations with focus on various taxonomic levels (family, genus and species) of bacteria are necessary to clarify the exact relevance of changes in the gut microbial communities with the progression of T2DM disorder.
Keywords: Bacterial compositions; Gut microbiota; Metabolic syndrome; Real-time PCR; Type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.