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, 43 (11), 2044-2051

A Pilot Study to Assess Near Infrared Laparoscopy With Indocyanine Green (ICG) for Intraoperative Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping in Early Colon Cancer

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A Pilot Study to Assess Near Infrared Laparoscopy With Indocyanine Green (ICG) for Intraoperative Sentinel Lymph Node Mapping in Early Colon Cancer

A C Currie et al. Eur J Surg Oncol.

Abstract

Background: Previous attempts at sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping in colon cancer have been compromised by ineffective tracers and the inclusion of advanced disease. This study evaluated the feasibility of fluorescence detection of SLNs with indocyanine green (ICG) for lymphatic mapping in T1/T2 clinically staged colonic malignancy.

Methods: Consecutive patients with clinical T1/T2 stage colon cancer underwent endoscopic peritumoral submucosal injection of indocyanine green (ICG) for fluorescence detection of SLN using a near-infrared (NIR) camera. All patients underwent laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision surgery. Detection rate and sensitivity of the NIR-ICG technique were the study endpoints.

Results: Thirty patients mean age = 68 years [range = 38-80], mean BMI = 26.2 (IQR = 24.7-28.6) were studied. Mesocolic sentinel nodes (median = 3/patient) were detected by fluorescence within the standard resection field in 27/30 patients. Overall, ten patients had lymph node metastases, with one of these patients having a failed SLN procedure. Of the 27 patients with completed SLN mapping, nine patients had histologically positive lymph nodes containing malignancy. 3/9 had positive SLNs with 6 false negatives. In five of these false negative patients, tumours were larger than 35 mm with four also being T3/T4.

Conclusion: ICG mapping with NIR fluorescence allowed mesenteric detection of SLNs in clinical T1/T2 stage colonic cancer. CLINICALTRIALS.GOV: ID: NCT01662752.

Keywords: Colonic neoplasms; Fluorescence; Indocyanine green; Laparoscopy; Lymph nodes.

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