Background: Complicated diverticulitis after transplantation occurs in as many as 3.5% of cases and carries a 25% mortality rate. Diagnosis of complicated diverticulitis in this population can be challenging because of abnormal presentations caused by immunosuppression. Only 4 cases of fistulization after kidney transplantation are described in the literature; none occurred after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant.
Methods: We present a first case of a coloduodenovesical fistula in a patient 9 years after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplant. The patient presented with intermittent episodes of elevated creatinine and recurrent urinary tract infection. The presence of fistula was strongly suspected in cystoscopy, but, despite extensive investigation, a fistula tract could not be identified.
Results: The patient ultimately underwent surgical exploration for positive cystoscopy examination, continuation of urinary complaints, and presence of multiple colonic diverticula in computed tomography scan. At surgical exploration, a fistula track was identified between the sigmoid colon and duodenal stump of the pancreas allograft. Subsequently, sigmoidectomy, bladder repair, and enteric conversion of the pancreas transplant were performed.
Conclusions: Complications of diverticulitis should be considered in organ transplant recipients presenting with recurrent urinary infection and elevated creatinine, and surgical exploration might be indicated even if unable to well-define the fistula tract.
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