Modified protocols improve insulin sensitivity estimation using the minimal model

Am J Physiol. 1987 Dec;253(6 Pt 1):E595-602. doi: 10.1152/ajpendo.1987.253.6.E595.


We attempted to improve the precision of the estimation of insulin sensitivity (S1) from the minimal model technique by modifying insulin dynamics during a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT). Tolbutamide and somatostatin (SRIF) were used to change the insulin dynamics without directly affecting insulin sensitivity. Injection of tolbutamide (100 mg) at t = 20 min provoked an immediate secondary peak in insulin response, resulting in a greater integrated incremental insulin than the standard FSIGT. SRIF, injected at t = -1 min, delayed insulin secretion in proportion to the dose without any change in magnitude. Computer simulation was used to assess the precision of S1 estimation. Insulin dynamics from both standard and modified protocols were adjusted in magnitude, with the shape unchanged and analyzed to determine the effect of the magnitude of insulin response. Fractional standard deviation was reduced from 73% with the standard insulin profile to 23% with tolbutamide and 18% with the highest dose of SRIF. In addition, the fractional standard deviation of S1 estimates decreased exponentially with increasing magnitude of insulin response. Modified FSIGTs require a smaller insulin response than the standard protocol to achieve the same precision.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Dogs
  • Glucose Tolerance Test / methods*
  • Insulin / metabolism*
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Male
  • Somatostatin / pharmacology
  • Tolbutamide / pharmacology


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Somatostatin
  • Tolbutamide