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, 60 (5), 296-299

Calgary, Edmonton and the University of Alberta: The Extraordinary Medical Mobilization by Canada's Newest Province

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Calgary, Edmonton and the University of Alberta: The Extraordinary Medical Mobilization by Canada's Newest Province

Mark P Da Cambra et al. Can J Surg.

Abstract

The Canadian contribution of medical services to the British Empire during the First World War was a national endeavour. Physicians from across the country enlisted in local regiments to join. No other region provided more physicians per capita than the newly formed province of Alberta. Largely organized through the Medical School of the University of Alberta, the No. 11 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Edmonton and the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance out of Calgary ultimately enlisted between one-third and half of the province's doctors to the war campaign. Many individuals from this region distinguished themselves, including LCol J.N. Gunn from Calgary, who commanded the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance; Maj Heber Moshier, one of the founders of the School of Pharmacy at the University of Alberta; and Dr. A.C. Rankin, who would go on to be the first Dean of Medicine at the University of Alberta. These Canadian heroes, and the many others like them who served with the No. 8 and 11 Field Ambulances, personify the sacrifice, strength and resilience of the medical community in Alberta and should not be forgotten.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing interests: None declared.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Soldiers from the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance, C section, reading the English periodical Bystander, Lille, France, 1918 (Glenbow Mueseum Archives NA-4400–1).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
LCol John Nisbet Gunn of the No. 8 Canadian Field Ambulance, Calgary, Alberta, circa 1919 (Glenbow Museum Archives NA-4002–26).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Dr. H.H. Moshier, commander of the No. 11 Canadian Field Hospital, and one of the founders who helped establish the School of Pharmacy at the University of Alberta in 1915 (The Canadian Letters and Images Project).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4
Canadian advanced dressing station in the German Line, east of Arras, France, September 1918 (Library and Archives Canada).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5
LCol Allan C. Rankin of No. 1 Canadian General Hospital (Montreal) and first Dean of Medicine of the University of Alberta, circa 1918 (D.M. Gilchrist. 100 Years of Medicine, University of Alberta, 2006).

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