[Endangered Situation and Conservation Strategy of Tibetan Medicine in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau]

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2016 Dec;41(23):4451-4455. doi: 10.4268/cjcmm20162325.
[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

With the rapid development of Tibetan medicine industry, the study on plateau medicinal plants' endangered status is not enough, measures to protect is weak and the plateau ecological environment' inherent vulnerability, resulted in the shortage of Tibetan medicinal resources and affect the sustainable development . According to the existing endangered information of Tibetan medicine resources, how to formulate feasible protection plan, is an urgent problem of the rational development and utilization of Tibetan medicine resources to be solved. To find out the endangered Tibetan medicines in Qinghai Tibet Plateau, the Grade division method of Chinese Rare and Endangered Plants was applied, the endangered species were sorted out, which divided into class one (threatened) eleven species, class two (rare) twenty-one species, and class three (fading) forty-two species,a total of seventy-four species.In addition to national protection list in "Chinese rare and endangered plants". It's proposed to increase the endangered Tibetan medicinal species. Finally, according to the endangered status of the resources,from the survey of endangered Tibetan medicinal species regularly, the germplasm repository establishment of endangered Tibetan medicine, in situ conservation, artificial cultivation research and renew the idea, reasonable development and utilization, a total of 5 aspects to discussed the protection strategy, to provide a scientific basis for the protection and sustainable utilization of Tibetan medicine resources in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

Keywords: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau; Tibet medicine; endangered category; resource protection; sustainable development.

MeSH terms

  • Conservation of Natural Resources*
  • Endangered Species*
  • Medicine, Tibetan Traditional*
  • Plants, Medicinal*
  • Tibet