The hierarchical structure of the perichromosomal layer comprises Ki67, ribosomal RNAs, and nucleolar proteins

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Nov 18;493(2):1043-1049. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.09.092. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Abstract

The perichromosomal layer (PCL) is a structure that surrounds mitotic chromosomes, found in both animal and plant cells. It comprises various proteins and RNAs, mainly derived from the nucleolus. Several functions for the PCL have been suggested; however, the mechanism of PCL organization during mitosis remains unclear. The localization of several nucleolar proteins to the PCL is reportedly dependent on pre-ribosomal RNAs and the marker of proliferation, Ki67, which is a major PCL-localized protein. Here we demonstrate that, although the removal of pre-ribosomal RNAs from the PCL causes PCL delocalization of several nucleolar proteins, it does not affect the localization of Ki67. Conversely, Ki67 depletion results in the dissociation of both pre-ribosomal RNAs and nucleolar proteins from the PCL, which indicates that Ki67 is required for the PCL accumulation of pre-ribosomal RNAs, to which several nucleolar proteins are associated. Given these findings, we propose a model for PCL organization that comprises three essential layers: the scaffolding protein Ki67, pre-ribosomal RNAs for linkage, and outer nucleolar proteins.

Keywords: Ki67; Nucleolus; Perichromosomal layer; rRNA.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Nucleolus / chemistry*
  • Cell Nucleolus / metabolism
  • Cell Nucleolus / ultrastructure
  • Chromosomes / chemistry
  • Chromosomes / metabolism
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Ki-67 Antigen / analysis*
  • Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism
  • Mitosis
  • Nuclear Proteins / analysis*
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • RNA Precursors / analysis*
  • RNA Precursors / metabolism
  • RNA, Ribosomal / analysis*
  • RNA, Ribosomal / metabolism

Substances

  • Ki-67 Antigen
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA Precursors
  • RNA, Ribosomal