Sequence-controlled supramolecular terpolymerization directed by specific molecular recognitions

Nat Commun. 2017 Sep 21;8(1):634. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-00683-5.

Abstract

Nature precisely manipulates primary monomer sequences in biopolymers. In synthetic polymer sequences, this precision has been limited because of the lack of polymerization techniques for conventional polymer synthesis. Engineering the primary monomer sequence of a polymer main chain represents a considerable challenge in polymer science. Here, we report the development of sequence-controlled supramolecular terpolymerization via a self-sorting behavior among three sets of monomers possessing mismatched host-guest pairs. Complementary biscalix[5]arene-C60, bisporphyrin-trinitrofluorenone (TNF), and Hamilton's bis(acetamidopyridinyl)isophthalamide-barbiturate hydrogen-bonding host-guest complexes are separately incorporated into heteroditopic monomers that then generate an ABC sequence-controlled supramolecular terpolymer. The polymeric nature of the supramolecular terpolymer is confirmed in both solution and solid states. Our synthetic methodology may pave an avenue for constructing polymers with tailored sequences that are associated with advanced functions.Nature can precisely control monomer sequences in biopolymers, but this is somewhat problematic in the formation of synthetic polymers. Here the authors show sequence-controlled supramolecular terpolymerization via self-sorting behavior among three sets of monomers possessing mismatched host-guest pairs.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Hydrogen Bonding
  • Macromolecular Substances / chemistry*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Structure
  • Polymerization
  • Polymers / chemical synthesis*

Substances

  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Polymers