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, 32 (3), 389-397

Morbidity and Mortality of Very Low Birth Weight Multiples Compared With Singletons

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Morbidity and Mortality of Very Low Birth Weight Multiples Compared With Singletons

Roser Porta et al. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med.

Abstract

Background: Previous studies comparing the neonatal outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW) multiples and singletons have suggested a worse outcome for multiples at gestational ages on the limits of viability.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to determine the neonatal mortality and morbidity of VLBW multiples compared to singletons.

Methods: This is a retrospective study including all infants registered in the Spanish network for infants under 1500 g (SEN1500), over a 12-year period (from 2002 to 2013). Mortality and major morbidities were compared between singletons and multiples.

Results: About 32,770 infants were included: 21,123 singletons (64.5%) and 11,647 multiples (35.5%), with a mean gestational age of 29.5 weeks (22-38), and mean birth weight of 1115 g (340-1500). When adjusted by other perinatal factors, multiple pregnancy has a significantly higher risk of mortality than singleton pregnancy (odds ratio (OR) 1.15; IC 95% 1.05-1.26, p = .002), but not a higher risk of major morbidity or composite adverse outcome. In the subgroup of infants born before 26 weeks, multiples showed a higher risk of mortality (63.9% versus 51%, OR 1.7; 95% CI 1.47-1.96) and a higher risk of composite adverse outcome (88.9% versus 81.5%, OR 1.82, 95% CI 1.28-2.24).

Conclusions: In preterm infants born with less than 1500 g, multiple pregnancy is a prognostic factor that can slightly increase mortality. Extremely preterm infants born before 26 weeks have a greater risk of mortality and major morbidity if they come from a multiple pregnancy.

Keywords: Mortality; multiples; singletons.

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