We investigated whether CYP2D6 extensive metabolizers carrying a nonfunctional allele are at higher risk of phenoconversion to poor metabolizers in the presence of CYP2D6 inhibitors. Seventeen homozygous carriers of two fully-functional alleles and 17 heterozygous carriers of one fully-functional and one nonfunctional allele participated in this trial. Dextromethorphan 5 mg and tramadol 10 mg were given at each of the three study sessions. CYP2D6 was inhibited by duloxetine 60 mg (session 2) and paroxetine 20 mg (session 3). A higher rate of phenoconversion to intermediate metabolizers with duloxetine (71% vs. 25%, P = 0.009) and to poor metabolizers with paroxetine (94% vs. 56%, P = 0.011) was observed in heterozygous than homozygous extensive metabolizers. The magnitude of drug-drug interaction between dextromethorphan and paroxetine was higher in homozygous than in heterozygous subjects (14.6 vs. 8.5, P < 0.028). Our study suggests that genetic extensive metabolizers may not represent a homogenous population and that available genetic data should be considered when addressing drug-drug interactions in clinical practice.
© 2017 American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.