Radiologic characteristics of ependymomas: a case-based approach

J Neurosurg Sci. 2018 Feb;62(1):38-45. doi: 10.23736/S0390-5616.17.04151-0. Epub 2017 Sep 22.


The purpose of this paper was to introduce and review the characteristic imaging features of ependymal neoplasms through a comprehensive case-based approach. Illustrated cases highlight both common and uncommon manifestations of central nervous system-ependymomas. The combination of imaging features, location of the tumor, and patient's demographics often allow the suggestion of ependymoma as a lead entity in the differential diagnosis. However, significant overlap exists between the radiologic characteristics of ependymomas and those of other tumors commonly encountered in the same locations, which can pose a challenge for a definitive diagnosis based on imaging alone.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging*
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology
  • Ependymoma / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ependymoma / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuroimaging / methods
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed