Value of urinary levels of interleukin-6, epidermal growth factor, monocyte chemoattractant protein type1 and transforming growth factor β1 in predicting the extent of fibrosis lesions in kidney biopsies of patients with IgA nephropathy

Nefrologia. Sep-Oct 2017;37(5):531-538. doi: 10.1016/j.nefro.2016.11.017.
[Article in En, Spanish]

Abstract

Objective: To analyse the associations between urinary levels of IL-6 EGF, MCP-1 and TGFβ1 and clinical, biochemical and histopathological characteristics in patients with primary IgA nephropathy and their ability to predict the extent of lesions of glomerular and/or interstitial sclerosis.

Patients and methods: A total of 58 patients with IgA nephropathy were studied. We determined the urine levels of IL-6, EGF, MCP-1, and TGFβ1 at the time of diagnosis. The extent of glomerular and interstitial fibrosis was analyzed by quantitative morphometry and kidney biopsies were classified according to the Oxford criteria. We analysed the ability of these molecules to predict the extent of glomerular and interstitial fibrosis lesions.

Results: IL-6, TGFβ1 and MCP-1 were associated with focal glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis extension but not with the presence of mesangial, extracapillary or endocapillary proliferation. EGF showed a negative association with interstitial fibrosis. By categorising patients according to the Oxford classification, patients with T1 and T2 scores had significantly higher levels of IL-6, MCP-1, TGF-β1 and significantly lower levels of EGF than patients with T0 scores. By multiple regression and logistic regression analyses, the levels of MCP-1, IL-6 and EGF were independent predictors of the fibrosis surface, after adjusting for age and eGFR.

Conclusion: The urinary concentration of IL-6, EGF and MCP-1 provides additional information that significantly improves the estimation of the surface of interstitial fibrosis in patients with IgA nephropathy.

Keywords: Biomarcadores; Biomarkers; Epidermal growth factor; Factor de crecimiento epidérmico; Factor de crecimiento transformante β1; Fibrosis intersticial; IgA nephropathy; Interleucina 6; Interleukin-6; Interstitial fibrosis; Monocyte chemoattractant protein type1; Nefropatía IgA; Proteína quimioatractante de monocitos de tipo 1; Transforming growth factor β1.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Biomarkers
  • Biopsy
  • Chemokine CCL2 / urine*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / urine*
  • Female
  • Fibrosis
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA / pathology
  • Glomerulonephritis, IGA / urine*
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-6 / urine*
  • Kidney / pathology*
  • Kidney / physiopathology
  • Kidney Glomerulus / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1 / urine*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • CCL2 protein, human
  • Chemokine CCL2
  • IL6 protein, human
  • Interleukin-6
  • TGFB1 protein, human
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • Epidermal Growth Factor