[Hemolytic and uremic syndrome and related thrombotic microangiopathies: Treatment and prognosis]

Rev Med Interne. 2017 Dec;38(12):833-839. doi: 10.1016/j.revmed.2017.07.005. Epub 2017 Sep 22.
[Article in French]


Major achievements in the understanding of thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) have not only resulted in a reclassification of TMA but most of all they have culminated in the design of new treatments and have enabled clinicians to better delineate their prognosis. Recent multicenter studies have improved our understanding of the prognosis of atypical hemolytic and uremic syndromes (aHUS). More specifically, they have highlighted the role of genetic testing on predicting the recurrence of aHUS, the risk of chronic kidney disease and the recurrence following kidney transplantation. A major advance consisted of the identification of the alternative complement pathway in the pathogenesis of aHUS, thus paving the way for the use of the C5a inhibitor eculizumab in this indication. Eculizumab has thereafter dramatically improved the management of patients affected with aHUS. During spring 2011, a great epidemic of entero-hemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) associated HUS occurred in Germany, providing clinicians the opportunity to examine the relevance of antibiotic prophylaxis, plasma exchange and eculizumab in EHEC-associated HUS. In this work, we herein present advances achieved in the setting of therapeutic management and prognosis in HUS and other related TMA syndromes.

Keywords: Eculizumab; Hemolytic and uremic syndrome; Kidney transplantation; Microangiopathie thrombotique; Plasmapheresis; Plasmaphérèse; Syndrome hémolytique et urémique; Thrombotic microangiopathy; Transplantation rénale; Éculizumab.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dysentery, Bacillary / complications
  • Dysentery, Bacillary / diagnosis
  • Dysentery, Bacillary / therapy
  • Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli / pathogenicity
  • Escherichia coli Infections / complications
  • Escherichia coli Infections / diagnosis
  • Escherichia coli Infections / therapy
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Pneumococcal Infections / complications
  • Pneumococcal Infections / diagnosis
  • Pneumococcal Infections / therapy
  • Prognosis
  • Shigella dysenteriae / pathogenicity
  • Thrombotic Microangiopathies / diagnosis*
  • Thrombotic Microangiopathies / epidemiology
  • Thrombotic Microangiopathies / therapy*
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency / complications
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency / diagnosis
  • Vitamin B 12 Deficiency / therapy