Vascular anomalies present both a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to physicians. Identification of these lesions is difficult due to their immense phenotypic variability, and naming conventions for vascular anomalies have historically been inconsistent. Terms such as "hemangioma" are informative when used correctly, but can cause confusion and miscommunication if applied indiscriminately to all vascular anomalies. Accuracy in classification is essential, as both disease course and therapeutic options differ greatly depending on the particular vascular anomaly present. In order for clinicians to properly diagnose and treat patients with these diseases, a unified nomenclature must be employed. This section provides an update on the current classification of vascular anomalies, with clinical descriptions of the most commonly encountered lesions, and clarifies the ambiguous nomenclature present in the existing literature.
Keywords: classification; hemangioma; interventional radiology; malformation; vascular anomalies.
Update on Pediatric Extracranial Vascular Anomalies of the Head and NeckKB Puttgen et al. Childs Nerv Syst 26 (10), 1417-33. PMID 20697721. - ReviewAdoption and use of uniform nomenclature in the ISSVA classification system is the first vital step in correct diagnosis and treatment of often complicated vascular tumor …
Update on the Classification of HemangiomaA George et al. J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 18 (Suppl 1), S117-20. PMID 25364160. - ReviewDespite the fact that a biological classification of congenital vascular tumors and malformations was first published in 1982 by Mulliken and Glowacki, significant confus …
Vascular Anomalies: A Pictorial Review of Nomenclature, Diagnosis and TreatmentJL Nosher et al. World J Radiol 6 (9), 677-92. PMID 25276311. - ReviewVascular anomalies, including vascular malformations and tumors, are frequently straightforward to detect; however, accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment are often …
Cutaneous Vascular LesionsMA Spring et al. Clin Plast Surg 32 (2), 171-86. PMID 15814115. - ReviewVascular anomalies are lesions seen in all surgical disciplines, particularly in pediatric patients. Specialization in vascular anomalies involves a team effort, with the …
Evaluation of Terminology for Vascular Anomalies in Current LiteratureAH Hassanein et al. Plast Reconstr Surg 127 (1), 347-51. PMID 21200229.Hemangioma continues to be commonly misused to describe any type of vascular anomaly, and terminological imprecision is prevalent among both medical and surgical fields. …
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Congenital True Aneurysm of the Right Superficial Temporal ArteryT Kotsis et al. Med Arch 72 (3), 227-229. PMID 30061773. - Case ReportsSpontaneous or congenital STAAs have to be removed respecting forehead lines. Intracranial vasculature must be investigated.