Members of the Rid protein family have broad imine deaminase activity and can accelerate the Pseudomonas aeruginosa D-arginine dehydrogenase (DauA) reaction in vitro

PLoS One. 2017 Sep 28;12(9):e0185544. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185544. eCollection 2017.


The Rid (YjgF/YER057c/UK114) protein family is a group of small, sequence diverse proteins that consists of eight subfamilies. The archetypal RidA subfamily is found in all domains, while the Rid1-7 subfamilies are present only in prokaryotes. Bacterial genomes often encode multiple members of the Rid superfamily. The best characterized member of this protein family, RidA from Salmonella enterica, is a deaminase that quenches the reactive metabolite 2-aminoacrylate generated by pyridoxal 5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes and ultimately spares certain enzymes from damage. The accumulation of 2-aminoacrylate can damage enzymes and lead to growth defects in bacteria, plants, and yeast. While all subfamily members have been annotated as imine deaminases based on the RidA characterization, experimental evidence to support this annotation exists for a single protein outside the RidA subfamily. Here we report that six proteins, spanning Rid subfamilies 1-3, deaminate a variety of imine/enamine substrates with differing specific activities. Proteins from the Rid2 and Rid3 subfamilies, but not from the RidA and Rid1 subfamilies deaminated iminoarginine, generated in situ by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa D-arginine dehydrogenase DauA. These data biochemically distinguished the subfamilies and showed Rid proteins have activity on a metabolite that is physiologically relevant in Pseudomonas and other bacteria.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Aminohydrolases / chemistry
  • Aminohydrolases / genetics
  • Aminohydrolases / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mutation
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa / enzymology*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Substrate Specificity


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases
  • arginine oxidase
  • Aminohydrolases